A little bit about the history of the breed
The name of the breed does not mean at all that for the first time this dog was seen on the American continent. This breed essentially does not have a specific country of origin. However, sources claim that the ancient pit bulls lived in Tibet about four thousand years ago. It was from there that their distribution began across the European continent. It is believed that representatives of this breed took part both in hunting and in various recreational activities for the ancient inhabitants. And only after many hundreds of years, the American continent was settled by pit bull terriers.
This became possible due to the mass migration of the European population in the 18th century. Ireland became a kind of “exporter” of dogs, bringing the largest number of pets with immigrants. The reason for this was the “potato hunger”, the victims of which were both people and domestic animals.
Cases of dog fighting in England were limited to the laws existing at the time. That is why a large development of pitbull dogs did not receive in this country. However, America has become a real haven for dog fighting fans, which has noticeably increased the popularity of the American Pit Bull Terrier breed. Despite the fact that such battles were brutal, they are not canceled at the present time, although they are held with some restrictions, because the public periodically opposes violence in animals.
Since the popularity of the breed was high, there were attempts to significantly improve the species characteristics of the pit bull. In the formation of a more modern version used bulldogs and terriers. And no wonder why pit bulls are highly valued in dog fights: it’s all about their strong-willed character and incredible strength inherited from the bulldogs of the time. On the other hand, the admixture of blood of terriers allows the American Pit Bull Terrier to react very quickly in extreme situations. That is why representatives of the breed are still considered ideal for fighting.
The distribution of the breed in America is directly related to the name of John Colby. He was a true connoisseur of dogs, which led to the fact that he was able to distribute the purebred representatives of the pit bulls. This man spread the idea of a mixture of species, therefore he advertised the mating of his dogs with other breeds. As a result, Colby can be considered one of the founders of the most powerful pit bulls, who became famous in dogfights due to their strength and courage. Despite the obvious success of the ideas of Colby, not all dog lovers of that time approved his ideas. In particular, the Irish immigrants, compatriots of John Colby, unflatteringly spoke of him, because they were driven by a desire to preserve the original appearance and characteristics of the pit bull breed grown in Europe.
The color of the representatives of the pitbull family was not the decisive sign determining selection. The pets of John Colby had various suits, from black to tiger. As the chronicle of breeding and breeding in the early twentieth century shows, those that are able to withstand competition were recognized as the best dogs. Therefore, the color of wool was not considered the determining factor. So, according to the documents of that time, at the time of 1910 the following rating of dogs was made:
Pincher Colby (32 kg), color black
Boat Armitage (22.25 kg), color tiger
Hubbard Big Boy (22.25 kg), color black.
The dog, who ranked third in the 1910 ranking, became legendary. He was able to win the title of the best in his color over the coming years, and also became the father of another, widely known dog – Black Jack Junior.
Despite the high popularity of dog fights, representatives of various organizations have repeatedly tried to rid the public of the breed of American Pit Bull Terrier. The concept of “fighting dog” causes some horror, because such breeds can be too dangerous for others. Therefore, in the world from time to time there are whole actions aimed at the destruction of the breeds of fighting dogs. In different countries, restrictions are imposed on the maintenance of pit bulls, which consist both in increasing the maintenance tax and in mandatory walking conditions. The last restrictions, in particular, include the obligatory presence of a leash and a muzzle.