Staffordshire bull terrier
Historical sources say that the ancestors of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier were known thousands of years ago, and they were bred at the courts of the monarchs. But the purebred version of the breed originates from the county of Staffordshire. The great-grandfathers of the bull terrier are mastiffs, bulldogs. Staffordshire bull terrier read the article.
During the Middle Ages, such a strong and fearless dog was used for competitions with bulls. This is not surprising, because animals stood out against the background of other trained and strong dogs.
In the twentieth century, the Staffordshire Terrier Club was created. In the 70s. they were brought into the tribal books. Today, the best representatives of the breed participate in dog shows and competitions.
Description of breed Staffordshire Bull Terrier
In accordance with an approved standard, dogs have both a massive and elegant physique. Males are characterized by pronounced muscular relief. Height at withers – up to 40 cm. The average weight of males reaches 17 kg, female dogs – 15 kg. The body is covered with short, but hard coat. She combined with a rough skin protects the body of the animal in combat fights.
The standard includes the following description:
The bull terrier is characterized by a shortened and wide skull. The cheekbones are markedly pronounced, a frontal transition is clearly visible.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers have dark lips and the same nose. The lips do not have wings, and the jaws are strong and tight.
The ears are erect and slightly suspended.
The eyes are straight, their color varies depending on the suit. Staffordshire Bull Terrier breed description
The terrier’s neck is very powerful. The skin is pulled tight, no folds at the withers.
The loin is large and strong, the chest is deep. The ribs are slightly barreled. The belly is strong, does not fall.
The lower limbs are slightly shortened in relation to the whole body. Paws are strong, despite some shortening.
There are additional characteristic external signs of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier:
smooth and cropped wool;
correct bite in combination with tight fitting lips;
middle tail, slightly narrowed to tip.
Coat and possible colors
These bull terriers belong to the short-haired breeds. They have single-layer and without undercoat wool. Characterized by such standard colors:
Two-color color combinations are possible. There is no defect in the combination of white labels. The presence of other colors, such as black and tan and liver, indicate disqualification of the breed.
Character and temper
Outwardly, these dogs look quite aggressive. But in reality they are loving and caring friends. They are positively disposed towards people, and even unfamiliar faces for him can be calm: the dog will not attack them.
Bull terriers are distinguished by their devotion. These are smart, gentle animals. They have a cheerful and perky temper, they always love to be in the middle of attention. Dogs are active, playful and confident in their own abilities.
Bull Terrier clearly notes the danger to himself or the owner, because he is attentive to everything that happens around. Nothing escapes his gaze. The dog will certainly warn the person about the danger, and in case of need will begin to protect him.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers are among the dominant breeds. They need early socialization. It is necessary for the dog to grow calm and non-aggressive. Representatives of this breed get along well with children. They will protect them, as if it were their own children. Dogs get along peacefully with cats and other animals.
Despite the fact that the dogs are kind and calm, they show themselves to be fearless fighters. Never attack first. Animals have unenviable muscle strength and a low pain threshold. Males are more aggressive. Regardless of the environment of education, animals should learn that the slightest manifestation of aggression is prohibited.
Dogs need owners confident, showing the hardness of character. Owners need to have experience raising animals of this type. A person with a soft and pliable character will be quite difficult to cope with such a wayward pet.
Other features of the character of the pet:
He should not live in the courtyard. These dogs live with the family.
Walks are made on a leash, because some members of the breed show aggression towards strangers.
They have high intelligence, but some things they do in a peculiar way.
Dog loves comfort and coziness in the house.
In childhood, the puppy likes to chew a lot. For this you need to buy durable and fairly tough toys.
They love to dig.
Hard to withstand the heat. In the summer, it is recommended to avoid overheating the pet.
The animal has a highly developed predator instinct. You need to be especially careful if there are cats and other small animals in the house.
This is a great defender of the owner. But the property may be less indifferent.
Training and education
This is a mobile and cheerful dog. At first, the master needs to be taught her obedience. When walking a pet should walk on a short leash near the owner.