AMERICAN PETER BULLETER
The history of our breed according to various sources has more than 300 years. Entertainment in England and Ireland was extremely popular, such as blowing dogs with bears and bulls and dogs among themselves. The main purpose of the same ancient bulldogs was the protection of homes and hunting for the most dangerous and strong wild animals. In one of the paintings of Rubens, who worked in the 16th century, we can see an episode of such a hunt for a wild boar. The shape of the dogs, depicted with the master’s brush, is similar to the appearance of a modern pit bull. Together with immigrants from the Old World, the Bulldogs came to America. The breed did not yet have an official name, and the owners called their dogs Bulldogs and Pit Dogs, Pit Terriers and Bull Terriers.
For the first time the name of the breed American (Pete) Bull Terrier appeared in the 70s of the last century. At that time, the American Kennels Club (AKS) already existed and many owners registered their dogs in it, like the Staffordshire Terriers, because the owners of the English Bull Terrier objected to the existence of a similar name. However, the name Staffordshire Terrier (later American Staffordshire Terrier (AST)) did not correspond to the essence of the breed and supporters of fighters in 1898 formed their own club – United Kennel Club (UKC) headed by S. B. Bennett. Since then the official name of the breed was established. and APBT breeding books are kept. Some American breeders to this day register their dogs in both clubs (like stuff in the AKC and the pit bulls in the UKC). Over time and with the change in the UKC leadership, the breed pedigree turned out to be officially disowned the use of dogs for fighting in the 1970s and lost credibility among the true adherents of the breed.
Disagreements in the views on the breed led to the fact that in 1909 some of the breeders, led by Guy McCord, formed their own association – the American Dog Breeders Association (ADBA). In 1951, the management of the Association passed to Frank Ferris, and in 1976, the famous pitman Ralph Greenwood stood at the helm of the ADBA. His wife, Renee Greenwood, and children helped him in his work. After the death of Ralph Greenwood, the ADBA led and successfully leads the association these days, his daughter Kate Greenwood. ADBA from a purely American organization has become international and dog pitmen of the whole world are registered in it. US law does not allow the ADBA to officially support people using pit bulls for their intended purpose. The main task of the ADBA is to maintain tribal registration books and educational work, allowing the breed to legally exist and flourish. An important component of this work is the holding of official pitbuley competitions, such as conformational shows (exterior exhibitions) and weight-pulling (weight lifting competitions). According to the results of the win-pull competitions, the winners are given the titles Ass and Ass of Assov, the best dogs at the conformational show are given the titles Champion and Grand Champion.
The combat championship and the registration of contract matches is conducted by the Sporting Dog magazine (SDJ). In this journal reports about matches come from all over the world. Combat Champion titles are assigned to dogs winning three contract matches in order to become a Grand Champion a fighter must win five matches and not lose a single one. The uninitiated may seem, well, what a trifle like that – winning 3 or 5 matches. However, any gain may be the last, as much physical strength and health takes each match. Over the 25 years of its existence, the SDJ has registered only 87 Grand Champions males and 29 bitches, and this despite the fact that more than one and a half thousand matches are registered every year. The most honorable thing for a pit bull is the assignment of the ROM title (Register Of Merit is a list of honor). This title is awarded to the best producers who have given the world at least 3 champions (at least 4 since 1996). As of February 1997, there were 60 males and 29 bitches in the ROM list.
Pitbull breeding is a very difficult task. The fact is that the main breed trait – the presence of a game – is impossible to see with your eyes or touch with your hands. Each mating is an experiment, the results of which can be judged no earlier than upon reaching the offspring age of 1.5-2 years. At this age, you can begin to train and test young dogs and only after the test to draw conclusions about their quality. You can get absolutely incompetent offspring from two great game fighters, if they are not great producers or the wrong pair is chosen. In order to strengthen the fighting qualities of the parents in the offspring, pitbull breeding is based on inbreeding (closely related mating) and is carried along the lines. From time to time there is a need for fresh blood to flow into the line; for this, they make crosses with representatives of unrelated lines. At this point, the breeder may lose everything in the offspring for which many years of breeding work was carried out.