In relation to adults, dogs rarely show dominant aggression, because without objection they recognize the superiority of man. But with respect to children, dominant aggression, unfortunately, is not so rare. As mentioned above, puppies in the pack and the children in the family (however unpleasant it may be for the parents) are at the bottom of the ranger ladder, and you cannot appoint them as chief ones over the dog. So simply laid the order of things: children must obey, their elders must protect and teach. And bring up. Punishment is one of the moments of upbringing, so in a pack of wolves or dogs an overly obtrusive and impudent offspring can get a cuff: a short bite, a blow with his teeth.
This applies to both protest and dominant aggression. In case of protest, the dog bites for the fact that the child has touched her rights. For a hand that stretches to the bone or causes pain; for foot, stepped on a toy; for the stick with which the child poked at the dog. As if nothing personal. With dominant aggression, the bite is directed to the face. This behavior in itself does not carry any pathology, but … the dog does not realize one important thing: the human child is too fragile. The human body simply has a different margin of safety than the body of the traitor, created by nature for battle. In addition, most of our dogs, grown outside of a full flock, have shortcomings in socialization. In particular, they lack the ability to dispense aggression, limited only to ritual aggression.
Let’s return to the beginning of the article. For a typical situation when a child in the best feelings hugs a dog by the neck and …. gets a bite in the face. It would seem that the innocence of the child and the meanness of the dog … but … remember one thing: we and they speak different languages. Do you know what “Yama” in Japanese means “mountain”? The fact that primates are considered a gesture of affection and requests for protection (hugs and squeezing), in dogs, the gesture is strongly dominant, with a touch of aggression. When the child hangs over the dog, clasping the front part of the chest or neck with his hands and at the same time CLOSES THE FACE to the neck or head of the dog TOP, without knowing it, shows a gesture extremely provocative for any dog. A situation where one dog SO provokes another, cannot be completed peacefully — only if a humiliated dog shows a submission pose. When such a gesture towards the dog allows you, it tolerates it. But do not expect that a self-confident adult dog will show a humiliated pose to your little child!
It is not in vain for me to sort out in detail the aggression of protest and dominant aggression. In the case of bites from fear or a surge of hunting instinct, there is at least some explanation and justification for the actions of the dog. In the case of protest behavior or the above described dominant aggression, most people cannot explain the dog’s reaction, he doesn’t see the reasons for aggression and makes a “inadequate” sticker for the dog.
Someone, especially from the senior dog handlers brought up on theories about dominance, can swell up with the words “dog rights” or “children in the family have a lower position.” And what is the suppression of the dog, practicing obedience, tough training!? What so put the dog in place?