Sick subject about which dog lovers do not like to speak. But it is impossible to hush up. You need to understand the causes of problems and know how to avoid them.
Aggression itself is considered the most important problem in the relationship of people and dogs. But nothing causes so sharp aversion as aggression on a child. The hysteria of the media and, as a result, the fear and hatred of the public, nothing inflates stronger than the cases of dogs attacking children. In that hysteria, it is forgotten about the reasons that led to the aggression, for the dog simply there are no facilitating circumstances. Moreover, in the overwhelming majority of cases, tragedies could easily have been avoided. Elementary measures of caution and at least a minimum of knowledge about the psyche of dogs would have happened and nothing bad would have happened.
It is a pity, oddly enough at first glance, almost half of the bites occur within the family. That is, when a dog bites not a stranger, but a UNKNOWN child. The forums are full of messages like: “The dog growls at children, what to do?” Or: “I rushed out and bit the child in the face for no reason at all, he just wanted to hug and caress her!”. Situations are standard, repeated again and again, and they end, unfortunately, most often the same way: they give the dog to other hands. This is at best. At worst, they throw it away or put it to sleep.
First, let’s find out the reasons: WHAT leads to manifestations of aggression on children. The main motives of any aggression are: fear, hunting instinct, protest and dominant aggression. Aggression on the child is no exception. Consider these motives closer.
Look at the photo: the child is happy, but the face of the dog does not radiate happiness. With this expression, the dog enters the veterinary clinic.
The face is tense, the jaws are clenched and the corners of the lips are drawn slightly back and down. Ears are pressed, eyes with raised eyebrows and dilated pupils are beveled away from the girl. This dog is kindness itself, never in life has snarled at anyone, but mimicry says clearly: she doesn’t like hugs!
No paradox: the dog often bites because it is afraid. Not only children are afraid of dogs. Dogs are not so rarely afraid of children — and not only little nervous dogs. Those, by the way, fear reasonably. For a small dog, the child still seems immeasurably larger than she. In addition, children have a habit of shouting loudly, making sudden movements, with a tramp and a squeal of running around is a frightening dog. In addition, especially young children are awkward, careless in the game and unwittingly, can seriously injure the dog.
But large dogs may be afraid of children for these reasons. In addition, even a dog can show protective aggression, usually getting along well with children. A typical situation: the dog is asleep, relaxed, and suddenly the child takes a running start and sits down on the dog and literally falls on the sleeping dog, clasping it with his hands. The dog, abruptly pulled out of sleep, makes an involuntary gesture of protection and … bites the child. The same reaction is caused by acute pain caused to the dog. Few people know that when opening a rottweiler dog, sleepy after an attack on the master’s child, the pathologist discovered a pencil that was pushed into the ear so that it broke through the middle ear and entered the brain through the inner ear. This fact, the journalists who inflated hysteria about the fighting breeds, somehow forgot to mention …
In this case, the reason for the natural instinctive desire of dogs to pursue and attack fast moving objects. Children running around with loud cries and waving their arms strongly excite the dogs. Especially puppies and young dogs of temperamental, very mobile breeds are easily provoked to play or even quite serious aggression, if they see the children playing out. As a rule, in this case, the aggression is not at first pronounced, but if the child does not pay attention to the nervousness of the dog or vice versa, it shows a panic reaction, the aggression will hail and may end in very serious bites.
The behavior of the dog in the pack obeys certain rules. If these rules are violated by other members of the pack and this violation infringes the rights of the dog, it protests. Simply put, a dog protects his bone, bowl, toy, resting place from encroachment. If a dog meekly gives a bowl or a toy to you, it does not mean that he will give it to your child just as meekly. Moreover, children (like puppies in a flock) have a lower position in the table of ranks than adult members of the community.
The protest is manifested not only in the protection of resources. The dog gives a protest in reality, that your behavior towards her is unpleasant and it does not intend to tolerate it. We are not talking only about the actions that the dog certainly cause pain or discomfort. In some circumstances, cares can be annoying, after all, and people believe that caresses are sometimes inappropriate. Dogs can show discontent (again, like people) in different ways. Someone with a sour look suffers, someone starts to protest: grumble and snap. Unfortunately, the choice of a dog is small. In nature, an adult wolf can simply get away from annoying wolves.