Interest in dog breeding
At the time when we started, people didn’t have much choice in terms of dog training. If your dog belonged to service breeds (or sports and amateur), the club offered a service dog breeding besides universal for all OKD and ZKS (protective guard duty), still possible BL (towing skier) and then several applied standards for search or guard dogs. Or even militarized all-around. It was already a long time behind us the time of the enemies of the people, but the training of service dogs still functioned in the spirit of the Stalin era, where everyone could be an enemy, the service dog had to be suspicious of people and potentially ready for military service.
The dogs, according to the majority, were supposed to serve for anything. If they were not hunting, so official. A dog living in a house just like a pet was perceived by many as a whim. It is not by chance that the decorative dog breeding was for a long time on the outskirts of the Russian cynology, the breeding work with the decorative breeds was not conducted and the clubs of the decorative dogs did not exist. Small breeds, obviously not suitable for the protective guard duty, were considered decorative, everything else was considered suitable for official use. On the grounds, in all seriousness, they trained on the ZKS collies, arguing that with enough effort, these soft, delicate dogs can be vicious. And sought. So what with the fact that most of the protective guard dogs (and not only collies) were in practice incapable of protection!
Times have changed, and interest in dog breeding has spread among the general public. There was a real dog boom. New, previously unknown working breeds were imported into Russia: Bernese Mountain Dog, Belgian Shepherd, Labrador, Border Collie and dozens of others. Roundabout penetrated news from abroad. We learned about IPO, agility, shepherd dog competitions and even about such exotic things as dancing with a dog. It turns out that the importance of service police dogs has faded in the world long ago, but fundamentally new dog professions were spreading. Guide dogs, nurse dogs with disabilities. These professions did not require distrust and malice, but developed intelligence, the ability to independently solve everyday and non-standard tasks, and most importantly, a developed ability for empathy. Without which the dog could not responsibly and gently take care of helpless people, blind or immobile, unable to force the dog to obedience.
It was quite clear that the training of new professions, which required a completely different level of intelligence and mental contact with a person from dogs, could not be conducted using the old methods. The requirements for a service dog, which no longer lives in the kennel, but in close contact with many people, acquaintances and strangers, changed themselves. The concept of a companion dog has appeared. We waited for the new winds to bring us a new approach to raising and training dogs, but instead waited for IPO standards. There was nothing fundamentally new in them, they were no closer to the needs of real life than our old ZKS (see above), and as for the training methods themselves, they were based on the same Prussian drill and coercion.
New knowledge gathered bit by bit, by chance. In those years, the Internet practically did not exist in our country, but there was a huge shortage of canine literature. Those few books that were, in fact, copied the old textbooks nineteen hundred shaggy year. Those that moss overgrown. I remember what kind of shock psychological tests for puppies caused in me, published in one of the English-language magazines that accidentally fell into my hands. A real revolution was made in my mind by chance (how else!) By the purchased book of Vladimir Mikulitsa “Know Your Dog”. The book was in Czech, which I (accidentally) owned. For the first time I learned the difference between aggressiveness and nastiness, I read about methods of training, other than the conditioned reflex, about the emotions of dogs and what such behavior of protest. Stunning facts that coincided with our observations, perfectly explaining the contradictions between them and the old theories.